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Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:15 am, by

Lesion – A wound, injury, or abnormal change in the body tissue such as a sore, rash, boil, or tumor. Liver function tests – Tests that are performed to monitor the functioning of the liver. Levels of specific compounds that can be measured in the blood can help determine if a patient has a liver  Continue Reading »


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:17 am, by

Malignant – Malignant means that a tissue has cancer cells present; it also refers to a cancerous disease. Mastectomy – Surgical removal of breast tissue. There are several different types of mastectomies: modified radical mastectomy, partial mastectomy, simple mastectomy, and prophylactic mastectomy. Melanoma – A cancer that starts in the skin cells. Melanoma is more  Continue Reading »


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:19 am, by

Nadir – Nadir is the lowest point to which blood counts drop after chemotherapy. When referring to the nadir, doctors are usually referring to the nadir of a patient’s white blood cell count, which usually occurs about 7 to 10 days after receiving chemotherapy. Neoplasm – An abnormal growth of tissues from a single cell.  Continue Reading »


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:21 am, by

Oncogene – Oncogenes play a role in cell growth and are normally found in cells. When an oncogene is damaged, it causes cells to grow too quickly and form tumors. Oncologist – A doctor who specializes in the treatment of cancer. Oncology – The branch of medicine that focuses on the study and treatment of  Continue Reading »


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:23 am, by

Palliative care – Palliative care focuses on controlling symptoms and improving quality of life for patients who have incurable diseases. Palmar – plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE)—PPE is commonly called “hand and foot syndrome.” A side effect of some chemotherapy, PPE is characterized by peeling, itching, burning, and reddened skin on the palms of the hands and  Continue Reading »


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:25 am, by

Radiation – The use of radioactive substances for the diagnosis or treatment of diseases. Radiographs – Also known as x-ray studies, radiographs are used to examine bones and soft tissues of the body. A radiograph image shows all structures superimposed on one another. A doctor may request x-rays of many parts of the body. Radiologist  Continue Reading »


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:26 am, by

Shingles – When a dormant (inactive) chicken pox virus is reactivated, the resulting illness is called shingles. This virus can lay dormant in the body for many years and can be reactivated at a later time for unknown reasons. Symptoms include blisters, rash, and pain. Side effect – A change in a person’s condition caused  Continue Reading »


Written on September 9, 2014 at 10:11 pm, by

Thoracentesis – A thoracentesis, or pleural tap, involves putting a needle into the space between the lining of the lung and the lung itself to remove fluid or air. The procedure is relatively painless, but you must remain still. A chest x-ray may be done following the Procedure. Thrombocytopenia – A condition resulting from an  Continue Reading »


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:29 am, by

Ultrasound – A test used for diagnosis and assessment. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create a picture of the structures inside the body.


Written on September 10, 2014 at 12:32 am, by

Vascular access device (VAD) – VADs are catheters, or “ports”, that are surgically placed in a large vein near the heart and stay in place for long periods of time. When a VAD is used, smaller, more easily irritated veins in the arms do not have to be accessed for chemotherapy.

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